A city square is defined as the heart of the city used for community gatherings, and acts as a cross road with no specific directionality. Planned as an open area, large enough to assemble masses of people for political and social events. Through out history, though there have been several occurrences of revolutionary and violent happenings within the public square: Tahrir Square (2011), Tianamen Square (1989), and Rio Square (2011).
Consequently, the social uprising are a direct result of not only political oppression but deliberate planning of city square. Defined in terms of an architectural element the city square is a space without a roof or side closure but capable of serving as an egress to a street. Adjacent buildings act as a peripheral walls virtually containing the common space and people.